Instrument Rating

Aspiring professional pilot, or for the dedicated Private Pilot, the instrument rating takes you into the world of advanced flight, giving you the capability of flying, navigating and landing in weather conditions that keep the birds on the ground. At the end of the course, the student must demonstrate the required level of knowledge to exercise the privileges granted to the holder of an IR(A), such as act as PIC of a single-engine or multi-engine aircraft under IFR in IMC (Instrument Meteorological Conditions) down to a Decision Height of 200ft.

You will have encountered the basics of instrument flight during your night rating training, and these 10 hours of instrument time are counted towards your Instrument Rating training. From this base, you now learn radio navigation, controlled airspace communication, holding procedures, en-route risk management, approach and go-around procedures, transition to visual and landing in reduced visibility. Abnormalities and emergencies are continuously introduced and appropriate behaviour is emphasized.


  • Hold a valid pilot licence.
  • Hold a valid night rating, unless such rating is an integral part of the pilot licence.
  • Hold a valid Class 1 or 2 medical certificate.
  • Have successfully completed the appropriate training as prescribed in Document SA-CATS 61 at an approved Part 141 ATO;
  • Have passed the theoretical knowledge, Instrument Rating Operations and Procedure (IROP) examination
  • Hold a valid general certificate of proficiency in radiotelephony (aeronautical).
  • An applicant for an instrument rating must have completed at least 50 hours cross-country flight time as PIC of an aeroplane.
  • The applicant must have completed 40 hours instrument flight training under instruction of which, at most, 20 hours may be in an FSTD approved for the purpose. In the case of an instrument rating for a multi-engine aeroplane, at least 5 hours of the instrument flight training referred to in sub-regulation (3) shall be conducted in a multi-engine aeroplane and shall be additional to the training towards the initial multi-engine class rating, provided that 3 of the 5 hours may be conducted in an FSTD approved for the purpose. In the case of an application for an instrument rating in a category of aircraft other than that for which a valid instrument rating is already held, the applicant must have undergone at least an additional 5 hours of instrument flight instruction in the new category of aircraft prior to the skills test, provided that 3 of the 5 hours may be conducted in an FSTD approved for the purpose.
  • Pass a practical flight test, conducted by a Grade One Designated Flight Examiner (DFE).
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